Miss Grand International 2017 is titled “Ending the War and Violence,” which is scheduled to take place from 5th to 25th of October  2017 in Vietnam,  three provinces: Quang Binh, Hue and Kien Giang.

Miss Grand International is one of the 5 largest beauty pageants in the world. Miss Grand International with the participation of contestants from 80 to 90 countries around the world are always expected of everyone. Thanks to this event, many people from many countries will know the beauty of the nature, people and culture of Vietnam – a country always peace-loving, rich potential tourism and hospitality.

Those girls are supposed to visit, support the vulnerable children of the war. They participate in charity work, peaceful campaigns to help the people who have been in a war and violence area around the world. The contest consists of: Press conferences, beautiful swimsuit contest, Traditional costume competition, preliminary and final contest.

In the morning of announcing the final results of the Miss Grand International 2016 in Las Vegas, USA on 26th October , the host – Brian White made the audiences unexpected when disclosed about the venue of Miss International Peace 2017 is Vietnam.

MC – Brian White gave the audiences the question: “According to you, where do you think always stay at home?”, The answer was Vietnam. Brian White invited everyone to watch the clip.

In the clip about 2 minutes, the nature and people of Vietnam appeared vividly. Miss Nguyen Thi Le Quyen chanted the phrase “Vietnam” in this competition in 2015 and Miss Nguyen Thi Loan with impressive dress was so beautiful at “  traditional costume competition ” in 2016.

Moreover, with this clip in 2 minutes, the world audience did not only have a chance to see the famous places of Vietnam such as Ha Long Bay, Hue, Hoi An … but they also admire the cultural features.

SunSpa Resort (Bao Ninh commune, Dong Hoi city, Quang Binh Province) is place to the national costume contest “Miss World Peace 2017“. 8-13/10/2017 is the time in Quang Binh

Here are some pictures of girls :

Taylor Kessler – Miss United States of America

Svetlana Khokhlova – Miss Russian

Huyen My – Miss Viet Nam

Caroline Venturini – Miss Brazil

Do not miss the opportunity to admire the beauty of the caves, when you have the opportunity to come to Quang Binh.

Paradise cave – Phong Nha cave

Paradise cave – Dark cave

Phong Nha cave – Dark cave

1,Phong Nha Bamboo Café

Bamboo Cafe is a local restaurant and bar, opened since July 2014, located in Phong Nha town. They are working on how to build this hidden gem as the best place for relaxing and chilling out for all  travelers passing by this region.You will find this place has really  friendly staff; great vibe; good local and Western foods; and amazing fresh drinks.

 If you want to find a space where you can find the mixture of old style; modern; friendly and natural decoration. You should come by and have a drink. Making your travel easier and happier is their priority. Many local specialties and also vegetarian foods will be showed in detailed to you by a professional team here. If you want to explore delicious food, this is a place not to be missed.

Cost: The spring rolls cost VND60,000, sweet and sour ribs with rice go for VND80,000 and a Phong Nha vegetarian volcano (tofu, mushroom, tomato, onion and capsicum) costs VND50,000.

2, Easy Tiger

Easy Tiger is the kind of place where you can instantly make a bunch of new best friends simply by sitting down. The telltale buzz of a good backpacker joint seeps out of the front gate and onto the street long after most other restaurants close.

The Easy Tiger kitchen serves meals and finger food from 6am to 10.30pm, focusing on Western dishes with a local twist. The bar is open until 11pm, offering a range of beer, sodas, fresh juices, smoothies, wines and even ciders, with free drinking water refills. Easy Tiger is also known for its in-house band that plays three to four nights a week, filling the space with hits and classics.

Cost: Drinks range from VND15,000 for a soda and VND20,000 for a Huda beer to VND80,000 for a Magners Apple Cider.

3,Capture Vietnam Café

Capture in Phong Nha is famous for Western food and great wood fire pizza. Fresh juices and healthy smoothies go a long way when dealing with the warm weather here. Come try their desserts (carrot cake, chocolate cake, brownies, muffin, cookies…) also ice cream ( vanilla, coconut, chocolate, mango, mint ice cream) all great. Also, they have gluten free polenta. They also have nice postcards and stamps.

On a cold rainy day there is NOTHING BETTER than discovering a warm, cozy, place with delicious food. The wood burning oven at this restaurant is by far the focal piece. The pizza is delicious, and uses many premium imported toppings. From 3-5pm they have special 10″ pizza + local beer deals for only 60.000 vnd. That’s insane!

Cost: Food prices range from a veggie hummus sandwich at VND70,000 to a classic pizza at VND180,000. Drinks prices range from VND15,000 for a soda and VND20,000 for local beer to a Capture Nutella frappe at VND90,000

4,Bar Bomb Crater

Bomb Crater Bar is located right on the Son river, just 3km from Phong Nha Village (Son Trach) on the Old French Highway. Cold drinks and great service make this the perfect place to stop along the road between Phong Nha and the Bong Lai Valley or the Phong Nha Farmstay if you are out on a cycle ride or just looking for a cold drink, a place to relax or somewhere to watch the sunset.

The location on the river is great for a swim and is a relaxing and chilled out place to have a beer, coffee, cocktail, smoothie or a bite to eat.

Cost: A Huda beer costs VND20,000, soda is VND15,000 and mixed drinks are VND50,000. Snacks range from VND5,000 for a bag of crisps to VND70,000 for a meal.

5,East Hill Phong Nha

East Hill is Phong Nha’s most bizarrely creative establishment, perched on the top of a mound of earth. The owner originally opened it for the backpacker market, but now most of his customers are Vietnamese — students and teachers from Dong Hoi.

The café looks out over the valley and you can almost taste the peaceful silence that washes over you with the breeze. Bright yellow flowers waft gently on one side and a long wooden bench rims the front of the café hut, laden with a few big smooth stones on which someone has painted the Wifi password. Order a morning ca phe den or sua da and join the locals as they watch the sun wake up.

Cost: Ranges from VND15,000 for beer to VND17,000 for a delicious coffee.

These places are very close to the famous caves: Paradise cave, Phong Nha cave and Dark cave. A popular tour company, Netin Travel can provide you with the opportunity to experience Vietnam through the professional guide of friendly local people.

Phong Nha cave – Paradise cave

Phong Nha cave – Dark cave

Paradise cave – Dark cave

Beside the attractive destinations and good food, Quang Binh is also famous for its beautiful coffee shops. The architecture is very unique. You shouldn’t miss them when you come to Dong Hoi.

    1.F coffee

F – coffee shop is located in 33A, Tran Quang Khai, Dong Hoi, Quang Binh, recently praised by Architecture Magazine Dezeen (UK).

 To design the shop,They used three layers of spaces, twenty-four arches of brick …”less is more”

 2.Cafe Coco’s

This café is designed as a large garden with lakes, trees, grass and large houses made of bamboo and rattan. The leaf roof makes us feel comfortable here.

 Coco Cafe is located at Nguyen Huu Canh street, Dong HoiThe lights at night makes it more impressive

3.S – Cafe

The shop is designed in modern and youthful style, combining two main colors, black and white. This is also an ideal place for chatting. The drinks here are also delicious and amazing.

Address: 05 – Phan Boi Chau – Dong My – Dong Hoi – Quang Binh

There are three floors for you to choose. If you come at night, The rooftop is quiet and romantic.

 4.KENRY Coffee & Milktea

This shop is located in Thong Nhat street or “36m”, this house is famous and interested by Quang Binh youth.

There are  a large parking area and friendly staff

5.Geminai Hotel & Café

This shop also has classical and modern beauty, and has lots of exotic drinks.

Address: 56 Nguyen Du – Dong Hoi.Sweet potato soup is ​​strange here.

   6.The Rustic Coffee

This restaurant is loved by young people because it is beautifully decorated and there are many ideal places for youngsters to take photos.

Address: 5A Hai Ba Trung street, Dong Hoi

If you have the endless passion for “Backpacker” travel, the forest or the sea which is extremely attractive to you. Other places are exciting for traveling. That is the sand hill, isn’t it? Actually, not only “Backpackers”,  any one who reading this article below, they will get there when they arrive in Viet Nam.

Unlike the vastness of the ocean with the blue color and green mountains above, you feel like you become smaller on the sand dunes.  It is more beautiful with only a yellow color. There are some small bushes that live in this harsh land. The nature in the central of Vietnam is so “hard to live”, but also presents itself  diverse beauty.

Watching movies or reading stories about the desert that makes many people wish to go. But in Vietnam  there are also some beautiful places like that. Let’s try it out :

Quang Phu Sand Hill – Quang Binh

The sun set at the Quang Phu sand hill is so amazing.

Named one of the most beautiful sand dunes in Central Vietnam, Quang Phu Sand Hill is located between Quang Phu Commune (Dong Hoi) and Nhan Trach Commune (Bo Trach). This place is famous for its many shades of sand, after the rain, it is red sand. The bright red color of the sun shining down makes the sand dunes mysterious. On hot days, it changes other colors:  white, yellow or gray …

Because the wind is not so strong, the sand waves in Quang Phu is not large, creating a smooth, very impressive. In addition, Quang Phu white sand dunes stretch to the coast. Due to the wild, this beach is also green and clean. It is convenient to “return to the sea”,  isn’t it? With a reasonable height, this area is suitable for playing adventurous games, including sand-shoeing

Mui Ne Sand Hill – Binh Thuan

Tourists can travel from Mui Ne to Luong Son sand hill by a motorbike or jeep.  

It is so nice and impressive. Sand dunes have been formed for a long time, stretching over a wide area ​​up to 50 ha. This is called “ Flying Sand Hill” because the shape of the sand dunes often have changes and deformation. That makes Mui Ne Sand Hill more impressive and attractive. From the sand hill, you can take a panoramic view of Mui Ne with the vast blue color of the sea. Mixing with the wild nature in the late afternoon sunshine, that will bring you many impressive emotions.

Trinh Nu Sand Hill – Binh Thuan

The pure beauty of the sand scenery in this place that makes many people love for the first time

“Trinh Nu” means Virgin Girl. The name is so cute. Because White Sand Hill looks like a girl lying on her side. Moreover, the sand is also smooth white. when it combined with the bright sunlight, creating a magical look. In the middle of the sand hill, there is a clear fresh water lake. So it has another name “Bau Trang” (White lake).

If you visit Bau Trang, you should rent a motorbike to conquer the sand dunes. The feeling of surfing on the sand, conquering the top of the hill to the other hill brings tourists new adventure. If you do not want to drive yourself, you can book the Jeep car service with a driver (600.000 vnd / 4 persons /60 minutes).

Nam Cuong Sand Hill – Ninh Thuan

Nam Cuong sand hill in Ninh Thuan province is 8km from central Phan Rang city.

Nam Cuong sand hill is still quite wild, located in the village of Cham ethnic people. So Sand Hill has become an integral part of their the life. Going to this sand hill, you will be impressive by idyllic scenes of Cham people’s rural life. It is also the most attractive place of Nam Cuong.

Mui Dinh sand hill- Ninh Thuan

The beautiful basket boats in the middle of a large space

The place is still very pristine like “magnolia meadows”, the sea is right next to the sand hill. In this area there are also hollows, forming small ponds adjacent to each other. Sand is white smooth, the ponds has clear water that makes the space beautiful “ hard to describe”. There is also a camping pitch with typical prairie tents. You can rent tents here overnight and enjoy nomadic life.

Located in the core zone of Phong Nha – Ke Bang national park,  on the bank of the Chay River, Dark Cave was operated for tourism by many domestic and international travel agencies. Dark Cave become one of the most attractive destinations in Quang Binh. Its formation is about 400-500 million years. During the American war, Dark cave was used as a bomb shelter.

In 1992, the cave was discovered by the British Caving Association. Due to the intense darkness covering the corners of the cave, they called it “ Dark”. The cave is 5.258m long, 80m high and 50m wide, including 2 doors: front door adjacent to Chay River (30m high, 10m wide) and back door (50m high, 20m wide). In the cave there are many wonderful stalactites with various shapes and colors. The old stalactites have turned color, the place is lemon yellow, white lime, moss green. In particular, the Dark Cave ‘s stalactites is with parasitic ferns. The image is rare in other caves.

Zipline from the high tower

According to scientists, these stalactites are remnants of the period of geological intense movement. The Dark cave has the underground river and a natural freshwater lake called Thuy Tien. Moreover, there is a mud late, the width about 20 m2 with essential minerals that is good for human health. In addition, Dark cave area is also home to animals such as: bat, swallow … especially Ha Tinh langurs – named in the Viet Nam’s Red Book.

Dark cave is managed by Phong Nha – Ke Bang Tourism Center, invested and operated with many attractive services. From the zipline tower, visitors can experience with a 400 meter long zipline service across the river to the front door of the Dark cave. After exploring and mud bathing in the cave, guests will kayak to discover the Chay river, then continue to swing the zipline to float down the river and participate in many exciting underwater games.

Mud bath in Dark cave

1, What should you bring ?

  • In order to prepare for the trip, you should prepare yourself a swimwear to take a mud bath.
  • And those who do not take a mud bath in the Dark cave, you can wear any clothes that you feel the most comfortable. But the best to swim is wearing swimsuits for swinging zipline.

2, How do visitors buy tickets ?

Because the ticket is not returned, you should determine in advance.

There are two types of tickets:

+ The first type: 450.000VND /a ticket.

The ticket  includes: zipline, kayak, mud bath, equipments (a zipline belt, a life jackets, a headlight, a helmet), other underwater games.

+ The second type: 370,000 vnd / a ticket

It includes: Zipline, Kayak, Life jackets, other underwater games.

3, What should you do to save time and enjoy quickly ?

When you buy tickets, you go quickly to change (choose clothes for each type of service). Get a life jacket in hand.

Then you line up in circles to wear the zipline belt. The guide will provide a headlight,  helmet. You should try the lamp. As the cave is so dark, you need the light.

After finishing all, please wear a life jacket and go onto the zipline tower to swing , mud bath, rowing the kayack , bathing stream, playing other games…

If you want to join the tours, you can refer more:

Paradise cave – Zipline – Chay river – Dark cave 

Phong Nha cave – Paradise cave

Paradise cave – Mooc spring

 

 

The Quang Binh Tourism Department said that they would combine daily tours to the caves: Tu Lan, Paradise, Phong Nha – Ke Bang, Chay river – Dark Cave … with the film studio- “Kong: Skull Island “. The new tours will make visitors feel different, attractive.

The Yen Phu lake, where the Kong filmed

Yen Phu is a peaceful village, with green fields, majestic natural scenery.

When making the film at Yen Phu lake, the film needs more 30 cars to build the camp on a large area. When the crew left, the place was clean and there was no garbage.

Hang Chuoc is located in Tan Hoa Commune, Minh Hoa District, which was chosen as the cave of “Kong: Skull Island”. The cave is 500 m wide and deep, with many stalagmites and stalactites.

Cha Noi valley on Da Deo Pass is a majestic destination chosen for the monumental film sceneries of King Kong.

Da Deo Pass belongs to the Phong Nha – Ke Bang,  the Unesco World Natural Heritage site with the mountains. Under the pass is Cha Noi valley with wild landscape of rivers and streams, surrounded by imposing rocky mountains with fanciful clouds.

 To promote tourists to visit Quang Binh and enjoy the natural film studio  – “Kong: Skull Island”, the Quang Binh government will open more flights such as: Dong Hoi – Chiang Mai (Thailand); Dong Hoi – Cat Bi – Hai Phong and increase the flights of Dong Hoi-Hanoi; Dong Hoi – Ho Chi Minh City.

Currently NETIN has contacted investors in the province to build King Kong film tour following the route: Paradise cave – Da Deo pass – Yen Phu lake – Minh Hoa – Hang Chuot (Chuot cave). The tour program one day : exploring the film backstage and visiting Paradise Cave, one of the beautiful caves in Viet Nam.

If you want to travel to Quang Binh, you should take a look  ,A Tourist Guide to Quang Binh

Mr. Ho An Phong, the director of the Quang Binh Tourism Department said: “After Kong: Skull Island was showed, the beauty of Quang Binh was known to the public all over the world and it would surely attract to visitors  to Quang Binh. We combined with tour products around the studio, such as Tu Lan Cave, the experience of the Kong’s home to give visitors a new experience.”

Nearly 30 years ago, a British woman was with her husband and the expedition. They have explored millions of kilometers through the forest, swum through hundreds of kilometers above the underground river … to come to Son Doong.

That woman is Debora, Howard Limbert‘s wife – the team leader of the British Cave Research Association.

In the 5 th may 2015, after nearly 30 years with searching, exploring and studying caves in Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park (Quang Binh), Mr Howard recieved “Third Class Labor Medal” by the President. AT the award, Mr. Howard Limbert thanked to Mrs Debora – his wife, who is also the only woman of the expedition have been with him for almost 30 years to find and discover hundreds large and small caves in Phong Nha – Ke Bang.

In 1990, That was the first time the British expedition have explored the caves of Phong Nha – Ke Bang, the people here were very impressed. Because among the expedition more than a dozen people, there is only one woman. “That day, Mrs. Debora was very young and beautiful. But like other members of the expedition, she still had to carry many kilograms of devices on the back and through the forest, searched caves lasted for months. We really admire her “- a long-time staff workin in the Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park recalled.

Howard also shared many times, he did not expect to get his wife, a trusted partner like that. “I am extremely lucky to have her share the caving hobby. She is always with me, cares for me, and comes to everywhere I come in all the adventure expedition “- Mr Howard told lovingly.

Morever, Ms. Debora is a real expert of geodesy and mapping of caves, a member indispensable in the expedition. “For people to be able to visualize the shape of the cave system in Phong Nha – Ke Bang, Debora directly seted up field mapping, as well as helped experts to make 3D models.  And to have a ” 150km cave road ” in Phong Nha as everyone knows, her hard work is great “- Mr. Howard said.

Son Dong cave’s beauty.

In 2009, Son Doong was firstly announced as the world’s largest cave. Mrs Debora was the one who directly work with the largest news agencies in the world such as BBC, CNN, the cast and crew from Hong Kong, Britain, the United States … “leading the way” for them to Son Doong. And since then, the wonders, the stunning beauty of Son Doong has made millions of hearts sobbing and decide to discover …

This year already at the age of 57, but her enthusiasm about the trip through the forest to find new caves has not reduced. “I remember trips at the end of 2015 and the beginning of 2016 (57 caves have discovered), when the whole expedition came into together these areas without water, must learn to take water from the trunk taught by local people. We also see the huge bombs left over from the war … Now I just hope to have lots of health to continue to explore, look for more new caves “- Mrs. Debora shared.

 

Ha Long Bay, Ninh Binh and Quang Binh in Viet Nam have been selected for important scenes of the blockbuster movie “Kong – Skull Island”. The widespread influence of this movie will provide an opportunity to promote Viet Nam tourism to the world. 

Ha Long Bay

According to the Department of International Cooperation under the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (MoCST). The filming will take place in nearly two-month period at famous tourist destinations of Viet Nam such as Phong Nha (Quang Binh), Trang An Landscape Complex, Van Long Lagoon, Tam Coc (Ninh Binh) and Ha Long Bay.

Speaking at the press conference organized on 21 February in Ha Noi, the movie’s director-Jordan Vogt Roberts informed that he selected Viet Nam’s landscapes for the movie because of surrealistically beautiful sights, caves and mountain ranges. The filmmakers hoped to bring unique and impressive images of Viet Nam to audiences, which would inspire them to visit the places after watching movie.

Trang An Landscape Complex

“Kong- Skull Island” is the first Hollywood’s blockbuster movie licensed to film in Viet Nam. Deputy Minister of Culture, Sports and Tourism, Mr. Vuong Duy Bien said that the filmmakers had carefully considered and selected scenes suitable with the movie’s idea. When the film crew suggested to cooperate with Viet Nam, MoCST supported them to solve difficulties and connect with relevant ministries and localities.

Bien emphasized that the film crew must comply with Viet Nam’s regulations to protect environment at the sites. He hoped that Viet Nam could become a film studio for the world cinema in the future due to its beautiful natural sites, the hospitality of locals and favorable conditions.

Phong Nha – Ke Bang National Park

He also believed that Viet Nam’s image will appear stunningly on the movie Kong- Skull Island for audiences all over the world. It will certainly trigger an influx of visitors to Viet Nam.

Kong- Skull Island filming in Viet Nam will be the first step to lure more Hollywood’s blockbuster movie projects, which is a great opportunity for Viet Nam to popularize the beauty of the country to the world.

The movie “Kong –Skull Island” is the story about a group of explorers who went into the jungle and confronted the giant apes in 1970s. Of which, the scenes in Viet Nam will be the birthplace of the giant apes in the movie.

Director Jordan Vogt Robet will continue to direct this movie, with the appearance of many well-known movie stars namely Jackson L. Samuel, Tom Hiddleston, Tom Wilkinson, Brie Larson, Corey Hawkins, Jason Mitchell, Toby Kebbell, …

The blockbuster movie is expected to be released at cinema in March 2017.

 

vietnamtourism.gov.vn

In the past, war was a factor attracted to foreigners to Vietnam. But today, the amazing diversity of natural scenic attractions makes Viet Nam become a new destination for foreign filmmakers and visitors. Thereby, the beautiful and romantic images across all parts of the country are promoted effectively.

Here are the blockbusters filmed in Vietnam. If you are intending to travel Vietnam, you should take a moment to look over the films.

PAO’S STORY

The film “Pao’s Story” won the “Golden Kite” award, which was produced in 2006. The context is Dong Van, Ha Giang.

Through films, the director has brought tourists to the lives of the people here, creating a feeling of closeness, warmth. The brilliant brocade colors of upland ethnic girls, the feeling of enjoying the fields of immense triangular circuit makes many tourists eager to visit this wonderful land.

Pao’s house – where the beauty hold visitors

Promote tourism from the cinema is one of the effective ways applied by countries in the world but is still new in Viet Nam. With tourism potential, beautiful views of the river, mountains, sea, Viet Nam is attracted to the crew, the actual program towards. If we know use well, that way the will be effective communication to numerous domestic and international travelers.

PAN

The romantic limestone mountains and the majestic beauty of Ha Long bay takes audiences into a “magical fairytale world” at Neverland lands.

Meanwhile, rice field images with winding river next to mountainside under blue sky of Ninh Binh becomes a mermaid lake in the movie scenes.

In particular, the scene at the entrance and inside the En cave in Quang Binh is used in a importance and attractiveness scene of the film. For these images, from mid-2014, 10 experts came En cave  located at Phong Nha Ke Bang national park to make 3D scenes, photographies and filming inside the cave structure. Then, the actors acted on the blue background and they puzzled again.

Overall, “Pan” is a highly entertaining film with beautiful pictures. The film is suitable for the all familes to enjoy. It emphasis on family love, friendship, encourages children to explore.

THE CHINESE BOTANIST’S DAUGHTERS

Launched in 2006, “The Chinese Botanist’s Daughters” won prizes at the World Film Festival Montreal and Toronto.

 

Tam Coc – Bich Dong is the context of the film. Friendly photos, rolling mountain forests of Ninh Binh has contributed to a tragic love between An and Ming. In addition to Ninh Binh, the film also was filmed in Sapa, Ha Tay.

THE QUIET AMERICAN

Adapted from the famous novel by British writer Graham Greene, the film’s a story about a love triangle between Thomas Flowler, Pyle and Phoenix. The context is Indochina wars in the final stages.

The film was shot around the S-shaped strip of land, from Ha Noi, Ninh Binh, Hoi An, Da Nang to Sai Gon. The Director Dang Nhat Minh once said, “ The Quiet American has great scenes of Hanoi and Hoi An”.

INDOCHINA

“Indochina” is a 1992 French film set in colonial French Indochina during the 1930s to 1950s shot in Viet Nam. The film won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 65th Academy Awards. Catherine Deneuve was also nominated for the best actress. This is the only Oscar nomination of Catherine Deneuve’s career to date.

Indochina has some scenes in Halong Bay, Thai Hoa Palace of Hue Citadel, Tu Duc Mausoleum (Hue), Tam Coc Caves in Ninh Binh flange.

LOVER

Adapted from the novel of the same name, directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud. The film told the story of the forbidden between a underage French girl with a wealthy Chinese boss.

Shot in 1989 and completed in 1990, this is the first film shot in Western Vietnam since 1975. In late 1991, Lover was released in Ho Chi Minh city. Viet Nam is the first country to watch the film.

Since being launched, the film has received good response from the audiences and filmmakers. The film won the Cesar Award and the Association of cinema sound editor.

Promote tourism from the cinema is one of the effective ways applied by countries in the world but is still new in Viet Nam. With tourism potential, beautiful views of the river, mountains, sea, Viet Nam is attracted to the crew, the actual program towards. If we know use well, that way the will be effective communication to numerous domestic and international travelers.